Structured interviews involve the interviewer asking a prescribed set of questions. Your answers to these questions should be brief and to the point while displaying the match between your skills and experience, and the demands of the position. You will feel that the interviewer has an agenda and will generally ask for a lot of specific information without allowing you to expand on different areas. However, you shouldn’t feel you need to expand your responses unless asked. The interviewer is assessing your general responses and fit for the company and will likely seek more information in a further interview, if needed.
A structured interview involves:
- It enables the researcher to examine the level of understanding a respondent has about a specific topic.
- All respondents are asked the same questions in the same manner. This makes it easy to replicate the discussion. In other words, this type of research method is easy to regulate or standardise.
• If it’s possible to quickly and easily apply this method to a large, representative sample of people it should also be fairly easy to simplify your findings from the sample to the general / target population.
The weaknesses of a structured interview are that:
• Can be time consuming if a sample group is very large.
• The quality and convenience of the information is vastly dependent on the quality of the questions asked. The interviewer cannot change the questions, they must all stay the same.
• An extensive amount of pre-planning is necessary.
• The format of questionnaire design makes it tricky for the researcher to examine intricate issues and opinions. Even where open- ended questions are used, the depth of answers the respondent can provide often are more limited than with almost any other method.
Structured interviews are questionnaires administered by a researcher. Unstructured interviews do not have pre-set questions and are more like a conversation. An unstructured interview, on the other hand, involves more general, open-ended questions which allow you to give longer responses and reveal much more about yourself. You will be asked to give whatever details you feel describe your background and aspirations, and why you think you are an excellent fit for the position.
Advantages of unstructured interview:
- they permit an unlimited number of possible answers.
- respondents can answer in detail and can qualify and clarify responses
- unanticipated findings can be discovered
- they permit adequate answers to complex issues
- they permit creativity, self-expression, and richness of detail
- they reveal a respondents logic, thinking process, and frame of reference
Disadvantages of unstructured interview:
- different respondents give different degrees of detail in answers
- responses may be irrelevant or buried in useless detail
- comparisons and statistical analysis become difficult
- coding responses is difficult· articulate and highly literate respondents have an advantage
- questions may be too general for respondents who lose direction
- a greater amount of respondent time, thought, and effort is necessary
- respondents can be intimidated by questions
- answers take up a lot of space in the questionnaire.
Other Members: Amrit Jain, Gugan N, Jyoti Kanwatia, Nitin Sonkar, Sonam Supriya, Sumit Ranjan,Yogesh Sham Gupta